The aim of the initial consultation is to assess the complaint(s) or needs and evaluate whether chiropractic treatment is necessary. The initial consultation compiles the history of the patient through a series of questions, where the chiropractor gains insight into the individuals complaint. A physical examination follows. This examination focuses on the musculoskeletal system (joints of the spine, extremities and muscles) and the nervous system. Furthermore the vital functions such as blood pressure, heart rate and breathing will often be assessed. With the information gathered, an initial treatment can sometimes already be carried out, followed by a treatment plan, indicating the possible expected number of follow up treatments. The initial consultation takes around 60 minutes.